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What is a Concussion?

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury, or TBI, caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change the way your brain normally works. Concussions can also occur from a blow to the body that causes the head to move rapidly back and forth. Even a “ding,” “getting your bell rung,” or what seems to be mild bump or blow to the head can be serious.
Concussions can occur in any sport or recreation activity. So, all coaches, parents, and athletes need to learn concussion signs and symptoms and what to do if a concussion occurs.

Fast Facts

  • A concussion is a brain injury and all are serious.
  • Most concussions occur without loss of consciousness.
  • Recognition and proper response to concussions when they first occur can help prevent further injury or even death
 

Useful Links



from: http://www.cdc.gov/headsup/basics/index.html

         


Concussion Program

Concussion Program

Under the direction of Football Team Physician Dr. Richard Lichti,  Rocklin High administers baseline testing (pre- season) on all athletes participating in football.  Testing is also available by request for all other athletes.  All Coaches have successfully completed a concussion education course required by the CIF.

 
Concussion Program:
1- Pre Season Baseline testing:  
Online neurocognitive testing, athlete history, concussion symptom scale
2- Sideline Evaluation- Coaching Staff, Certified Athletic Trainer, Team Physician
3-Return to Play Guideines- see below
4- Post Injury Assessment-
        concussion symptom scale, repeat online testing when symptom free
        Physician evaluation of results- athletes must pass all sections of the test in order to be cleared.
5-Physician Clearance
 
 
For more information about the protocol listed above please visit ConcussionVitalSigns.com
 
 
 
In accordance with the California Concussion Safety Law (AB 2127) When an athlete has sustained a suspected Concussion the following steps are used:

1. Remove from play- Initial Evaluation/refer to Physician  
Athlete must be supervised/Parent must be contacted

2. 7 days with no symptoms before returning to contact/live play
(athlete should be checking in daily with coach/ATC)

3. IF/when Asymptomatic (NO symptoms)-
GRADUAL return to activity---See CDC recommendations below

4. STOP if symptoms appear- back to step one (remove from play)
5. Post Injury Online Assessment
6. Must be released by M.D.


From the CDC “Heads Up on Concussions”   Return to Play Guidelines
 
Each step must have a 24hour period of rest before attempting the next step.

Step 1: Light Aerobic Exercise
The Goal: only to increase an athlete’s heart rate. 
The Time: 5 to 10 minutes.
The Activities: exercise bike, walking, or light jogging. 
Absolutely no weight lifting, jumping or hard running.


Step 2: Moderate Exercise
The Goal: limited body and head movement.
The Time: Reduced from typical routine 
The Activities: moderate jogging, brief running, moderate-intensity stationary biking, and moderate-intensity weightlifting


Step 3: Non-contact Exercise
The Goal: more intense but non-contact
The Time: Close to Typical Routine
The Activities:Helmet on (football)  running, high-intensity stationary biking, the player’s regular weightlifting routine, and non-contact sport-specific drills. This stage may add some cognitive component to practice in addition to the aerobic and movement components introduced in Steps 1 and 2.
 
3.1 Sucessfull completion of a Post Injury Concussion Assessment (see baseline info above)
  Must pass ALL post injury assessments at or above baseline levels
 
3.2 Physician Clearance to return to "contact" activitiy
Must have Physician's release on file before returning to practice

Step 4: Practice
The Goal: Reintegrate in full contact practice.
     Must have one full contact practice before returing to competition.
 
Step 5: Play
The Goal: Return to competition

IF SYMPTOMS (no matter how minor) RETURN AT ANY POINT the athlete is returned to the previous "step" 

Every athlete is different and there is no time-table for recovery. While most athletes will recover from concussion in 2-3 weeks, for some it could take 6 months to a year for a full recovery.
 
 

Concussions at RHS